Using mathematical model to design and sizing of pumping water system

Main Article Content

Luqman Raji
Y Gajawa
Aji A. B.


Water pumping, Mathematics model approach, Total Dynamic Head, operation pressure, Solar panel and Inverter


The role of the pump in any pumping system is to provide sufficient pressure to overcome the operating pressure of the system in order to move fluid (water) at a required flow rate to the user. In this study, a mathematics model was used for design in order to provide adequate water supply to every quarter in Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa state Nigeria. According to the research, the proposed water supply requires a 1360W power pump, a 1500W inverter, and a 1500W solar panel. Because the suggested water supply is based on renewable energy, the study found that it can be used at Federal Polytechnic Mubi to increase their supply for human use. As a result, the FPM management has reduced greenhouse gas emissions.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 48 | PDF Downloads 18


[1] Foster and Majid, A test book of solar energy. 2014.
[2] K. B. Rohit, G. Karve, and M. Khatri, “Solar Water Pumping System,” Int. J. Emergine Technol. Adv. Eng., vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 323–337, 2013, [Online]. Available:
[3] S. S. Chandel, M. Nagaraju Naik, and R. Chandel, “Review of solar photovoltaic water pumping system technology for irrigation and community drinking water supplies,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 49, pp. 1084–1099, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.083.
[4] M. Abu-Aligah, “Design of photovoltaic water pumping system and compare it with diesel powered pump,” Jordan J. Mech. Ind. Eng., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 273–280, 2011.
[5] M. Girma, A. Assefa, and M. Molinas, “Feasibility study of a solar photovoltaic water pumping system for rural Ethiopia,” AIMS Environ. Sci., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 697–717, 2015, doi: 10.3934/environsci.2015.3.697.
[6] S. Lal, “Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Based Submersible Water Pumping System for Rural Areas of an Indian State Rajasthan,” Sci. J. Energy Eng., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 1, 2013, doi: 10.11648/j.sjee.20130101.11.
[7] I. Odeh, Y. G. Yohanis, and B. Norton, “Economic viability of photovoltaic water pumping systems,” Sol. Energy, vol. 80, no. 7, pp. 850–860, 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.008.
[8] A. HADIDI, I. BERBAOUI, and D. SABA, “Steps Design of a Solar Station (the Solar Pumping),” in Iwtc.Info, 2016, no. April, pp. 21–23, [Online]. Available:
[9] S. Biswas and M. T. Iqbal, “Dynamic Modelling of a Solar Water Pumping System with Energy Storage,” J. Sol. Energy, vol. 2018, pp. 1–12, 2018, doi: 10.1155/2018/8471715.
[10] M. A. Hossain, M. S. Hassan, M. A. Mottalib, and M. Hossain, “Feasibility of solar pump for sustainable irrigation in Bangladesh,” Int. J. Energy Environ. Eng., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 147–155, 2015, doi: 10.1007/s40095-015-0162-4.
[11] F. Loxsom and P. Durongkaveroj, “Estimating the performance of a photovoltaic pumping system,” Sol. Energy, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 215–219, 1994, doi: 10.1016/0038-092X(94)90071-X.
[12] M. A. Hasnat, M. N. Hasan, and N. Hoque, “A brief study of the prospect of hybrid solar irrigation system in Bangladesh,” Int. Conf. Mech. Ind. energy Eng., pp. 25–26, 2014.
[13] M. Jamil, S. Kirmani, and M. Rizwan, “Techn-economic feasibility analysis of solar Photovoltaic power generation: A review,” Smart Grid Renew. Energy, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 266–274, 2012, doi: 10.4236/sgre.2012.34037.
[14] A. Hamidat, “Simulation of the performance and cost calculations of the surface pump,” Renew. Energy, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 383–392, 1999, doi: 10.1016/S0960-1481(98)00011-1.
[15] Helmy E. and Gad, “Performance prediction of a proposed photovoltaic water pumping system at South Sinai , Egypt climate conditions,” in Thirteenth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC13, 2009, vol. 13, no. January 2009, pp. 739–752.
[16] M. Zegeye, T. Tadiwos, and A. Aman, “Optimal sizing of solar water pumping system for small scale irrigation : Case study of Dangila,” Int. J. Renew. Sustain. Energy, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 99–107, 2014.
[17] A. H. A. Al-Waeli, M. M. K. El-Din, A. H. K. Al-Kabi, A. Al-Mamari, H. A. Kazem, and M. T. Chaichan, “Optimum design and evaluation of solar water pumping system for rural areas,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Res., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 12–20, 2017.
[18] L. Raji, Z. Y.I, and W. J, “Using Homer Software for Cost Analysis of Stand-Alone Power Generation for Small Scale Industry in Nigeria: A Case Study Lumatec Aluminium Products,” Curr. J. Int. J. Appl. Technol. Res., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 90–102, 2021, doi: 10.35313/ijatr.v2i2.57.
[19] A. A. Adebayo, Mubi region: A geographical synthesis. 2004.
[20] AECOM, “2017 Annual Report - Aecom Investor Relations,” 2017. [Online]. Available: