Performance Evaluation of Thermoelectric Cooling with Two Difference Fluids Medium

Main Article Content

Bowo Yuli Prasetyo


thermoelectric, TEC, Coefficient of Performance, fluid medium, water, air


Thermoelectric has been used in various applications related to cooling systems (TEC). Most researchers focused on expanding the application of TEC and improving heat transfer. The improvement of the heat transfer relied on the configuration, heat exchanger, and fluid medium. However, no previous work has reported the influence of air and water as the fluid’s medium on the TEC performance. Therefore, in this study, the performance of TEC with water and air as working fluids is evaluated experimentally. Besides, several input parameters are controlled to evaluate the TEC performance under different conditions. The results reveal that the variation of working fluid and input parameters influenced the overall TEC output. The increment of TEC cooling capacity is proportional to the input power, mass flow rate, and inlet temperature of the working fluid. While the input power and inlet temperature also vary the heat exchanger thermal resistance. The overall thermal resistance of the water block is averagely ten times lower than that of the heat sink, therefore, the water block is significantly better compared to the heat sink. While the highest COP obtained from the water and air system is 1.72 and 1.41, respectively.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 100 | PDF Downloads 42


[1] Y. Liu and Y. Su, “Experimental investigations on COPs of thermoelectric module frosting systems with various hot side cooling methods,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 144, pp. 747–756, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.08.056.
[2] H. S. Lee, Thermoelectrics: Design and materials. 2016.
[3] E. Cuce, T. Guclu, and P. M. Cuce, “Improving thermal performance of thermoelectric coolers (TECs) through a nanofluid driven water to air heat exchanger design: An experimental research,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 214, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112893.
[4] S. M. Pourkiaei et al., “Thermoelectric cooler and thermoelectric generator devices: A review of present and potential applications, modeling and materials,” Energy, vol. 186, 2019, doi: 10.1016/
[5] H. Lim, S. Y. Cheon, and J. W. Jeong, “Empirical analysis for the heat exchange effectiveness of a thermoelectric liquid cooling and heating unit,” Energies, vol. 11, no. 3, 2018, doi: 10.3390/en11030580.
[6] S. Diaz de Garayo, A. Martínez, P. Aranguren, and D. Astrain, “Prototype of an air to air thermoelectric heat pump integrated with a double flux mechanical ventilation system for passive houses,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 190, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.116801.
[7] L. Shen et al., “Performance enhancement investigation of thermoelectric cooler with segmented configuration,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 168, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114852.
[8] J. B. Wang, X. H. Li, J. Wang, T. Zhu, and Y. C. Bao, “Thermal performance evaluation of a thermoelectric cooler coupled with corona wind,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 179, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115753.
[9] J. M. Calm, “Emissions and environmental impacts from air-conditioning and refrigeration systems,” Int. J. Refrig., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 293–305, 2002, doi: 10.1016/S0140-7007(01)00067-6.
[10] E. S. Jeong, “Optimization of thermoelectric modules for maximum cooling capacity,” Cryogenics (Guildf)., vol. 114, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.cryogenics.2020.103241.
[11] M. Gökçek and F. Şahin, “Experimental performance investigation of minichannel water cooled-thermoelectric refrigerator,” Case Stud. Therm. Eng., vol. 10, pp. 54–62, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.csite.2017.03.004.
[12] H. M. Hu, T. S. Ge, Y. J. Dai, and R. Z. Wang, “Experimental study on water-cooled thermoelectric cooler for CPU under severe environment,” Int. J. Refrig., vol. 62, pp. 30–38, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.10.015.
[13] A. R. M. Siddique, H. Muresan, S. H. Majid, and S. Mahmud, “An adjustable closed-loop liquid-based thermoelectric electronic cooling system for variable load thermal management,” Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog., vol. 10, pp. 245–252, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.tsep.2019.02.004.
[14] H. S. Dizaji, S. Jafarmadar, and S. Khalilarya, “Novel experiments on COP improvement of thermoelectric air coolers,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 187, pp. 328–338, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2019.03.025.
[15] S. Wiriyasart, P. Suksusron, C. Hommalee, A. Siricharoenpanich, and P. Naphon, “Heat transfer enhancement of thermoelectric cooling module with nanofluid and ferrofluid as base fluids,” Case Stud. Therm. Eng., vol. 24, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.csite.2021.100877.