Treatment and Handling of Hydraulic Shock Load of Urea Fertilizer Wastewater in Sequencing Batch Reactor

Main Article Content

Herawati - Budiastuti
Annisa Nurazizah
Fitri Apriyanti
Robby Sudarman
Laily Isna Ramadhani
Pratap Pullammanappalil

Keywords

Urea fertilizer wastewater, Sequencing batch reactor, Ammonia level

Abstract

The production process in the urea fertilizer industry produces wastewater with a very high ammonia content, which exceeds the quality standards for fertilizer wastewater. Therefore, it is necessary to treat urea fertilizer wastewater, which has a high ammonia content. One of the technologies that can be used to treat this type of wastewater is the Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) technology. The SBR technology was chosen because it only requires one reactor for the entire process, in which in conventional activated sludge systems it occurs in several reactors. Shock loading often occurs in wastewater treatment plants, including both organic shock loads and hydraulic shock loads. The waste used in the SBR operation in this research is urea fertilizer wastewater originating from a urea fertilizer industry in West Java, Indonesia. The parameters to be tested were COD, MLVSS, DO, pH, temperature, turbidity, and ammonia concentration. The results showed that the efficiency of reducing ammonia levels under normal loading with a flow rate of 300 mL/day was 99.5%, whereas when given a shock load of 600 mL/day, an efficiency of 98% was obtained. This proves that SBR can handle shock loads even though its efficiency slightly decreases.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 214 | PDF Downloads 89

References

[1] L. E. Scherger, V. Zanello, and C. Lexow, “Impact of Urea and Ammoniacal Nitrogen Wastewaters on Soil: Field Study in a Fertilizer Industry (Bahía Blanca, Argentina),” Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 565–573, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00128-021-03280-x.
[2] The Indonesian Minister of Environment and Forestry, Regulation no. 21 year 2018, concerning wastewater quality standard for business and or fertilizer industry activities. Indonesia, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://peraturan.go.id/id/permen-lhk-no-p-21-menlhk-setjen-kum-1-7-2018-tahun-2018
[3] E. Korzeniewska and M. Harnisz, “Relationship between modification of activated sludge wastewater treatment and changes in antibiotic resistance of bacteria,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 639, pp. 304–315, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.165.
[4] T. Sam, M. Le Roes-Hill, N. Hoosain, and P. J. Welz, “Strategies for Controlling Filamentous Bulking in Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Plants: The Old and the New,” Water (Switzerland), vol. 14, no. 20, 2022, doi: 10.3390/w14203223.
[5] A. Singh, A. Srivastava, D. Saidulu, and A. K. Gupta, “Advancements of sequencing batch reactor for industrial wastewater treatment: Major focus on modifications, critical operational parameters, and future perspectives,” J. Environ. Manage., vol. 317, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115305.
[6] R. Sudarman, H. Budiastuti, N. S. Djenar, E. S. Panggalo, and A. Nurhasyim, “Penyisihan Kadar Amoniak dalam Limbah Cair Industri Pupuk Menggunakan Sequencing Batch Reactor,” Fluida, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 65–72, 2020, doi: 10.35313/fluida.v13i2.2264.
[7] A. H. Mahvi, “Sequencing batch reactor: A promising technology in wastewater treatment,” Iran. J. Environ. Heal. Sci. Eng., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 79–90, 2008.
[8] M. Al Kholif and R. Ratnawati, “Pengaruh Beban Hidrolik Media Dalam Menurunkan Senyawa Ammonia Pada Limbah Cair Rumah Potong Ayam (Rpa),” WAKTU J. Tek. UNIPA, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2017, doi: 10.36456/waktu.v15i1.426.
[9] H. Budiastuti, L. I. Ramadhani, S. H. Abdulloh, A. D. Maharani, M. Melina, and R. Sudarman, “Seeding and Acclimatization for Aerobic Processing of Restaurant Wastewater with Sequencing Batch Reactor,” Fluida, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 11–17, 2023, doi: 10.35313/fluida.v16i1.4521.
[10] R. A. Hamza, M. S. Zaghloul, O. T. Iorhemen, Z. Sheng, and J. H. Tay, “Optimization of organics to nutrients (COD:N:P) ratio for aerobic granular sludge treating high-strength organic wastewater,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 650, pp. 3168–3179, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.026.
[11] H. T. Y. Ibrahim, “Study of Aeration TimeEffect on COD and Ammonia removal by Sequencing Batch Reactor,” J. Babylon Univ. Sci. No, no. 1, pp. 2017–276, 2017.
[12] A. Dutta and S. Sarkar, “Sequencing Batch Reactor for Wastewater Treatment: Recent Advances,” Curr. Pollut. Reports, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 177–190, 2015, doi: 10.1007/s40726-015-0016-y.
[13] P. G. Patil, G. S. Kulkarni, and S. V. Kore, “Aerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor for wastewater treatment: A review | Loc Nguyen - Academia.edu,” Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol., vol. 02, no. 10, pp. 534–551, 2013, [Online]. Available: www.ijert.org
[14] A. W. Alattabi, C. B. Harris, R. M. Alkhaddar, K. S. Hashim, M. Ortoneda-Pedrola, and D. Phipps, “Improving sludge settleability by introducing an innovative, two-stage settling sequencing batch reactor,” J. Water Process Eng., vol. 20, pp. 207–216, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.11.004.
[15] T. Ha Quan and E. Gogina, “Application of anoxic phase in SBR reactor to increase the efficiency of ammonia removal in Vietnamese municipal WWTPs,” E3S Web Conf., vol. 97, 2019, doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20199701017.
[16] H. Mulyani, G. P. I. Budianto, M. Margono, and M. Kaavessina, “Study of COD Removal Rate on a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) Treating Tapioca Wastewater,” agriTECH, vol. 38, no. 3, p. 243, 2019, doi: 10.22146/agritech.29271.
[17] H. Budiastuti, R. Rismawati, L. Nurfauziah, L. I. Ramadhani, and E. H. Muhari, “Tofu Wastewater Treatment by using Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) with Variation of Feeding Rates,” J. Rekayasa Hijau, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 197–206, 2022, doi: 10.26760/jrh.v5i3.197-206.
[18] H. Budiastuti, Y. N. Amanah, R. O. Pratiwi, E. H. Muhari, and L. Isna, “Water Hyacinth Extract Addition Towards Tofu Wastewater Degradation by Anaerobic Treatment,” Adv. Eng. Res., vol. 208, no. Icist 2020, pp. 341–345, 2021.
[19] S. K. Wang, X. Wang, J. Miao, and Y. T. Tian, “Tofu whey wastewater is a promising basal medium for microalgae culture,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 253, pp. 79–84, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.01.012.
[20] H. Budiastuti, E. H. Muhari, L. I. Ramadhani, M. Ghozali, and R. Sudarman, “Comparison Between Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBR) and Stirred Tank Reactors (STR) in Handling Hydraulic Shock Loads,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021), 2021, vol. 207. doi: 10.2991/aer.k.211106.060.